European and International Projects

European Alternative Fuel Observatory (EAFO)

The European Alternative Fuels Observatory (EAFO) is an online portal, funded by the European Commission, that provides open and free information on the deployment of infrastructure for alternative fuels.

The objective of the portal is to raise awareness among consumers of how easy it is to rely on stations of alternative fuels, overcoming the perception that they are hard to find, while helping EU Member States to fully integrate alternative fuels for vehicles in the geographic planning.

Targeted alternative fuels are electricity, hydrogen, LPG, natural gas (both liquefied and compressed), biofuels, synthetic and paraffinic fuels.

The portal covers the availability of alternative fuels station in all EU Member States + EFTA members + Turkey (33 countries in total, “Europe” in EAFO definition).

It works by integrating relevant data, information, news items, newsletters and other publications and focuses on national level data and information but also covers specific regions and cities based on data availability. The data are then integrated in an interactive map that shows the location of alternative fuel stations.

Furthermore, the portal provides key information about the various type of alternative fuels as well as vehicles according to European classifications.

AVERE is an eager partner of this project that shows how electromobility, among other alternative means of envisioning transportation, is a convenient and easy choice in terms of infrastructure, as EAFO already identifies more than 125.000 EV charging stations all over the continent.

Critical Raw Materials for Electric Vehicles (CRM4EV)

Taskforce 40 “Critical Raw Materials for Electric Vehicles” (CRM4EV) of the International Energy Agency (IEA) Technology Collaboration Programme “Hybrid and Electric Vehicle” (HEV) aims at providing accurate, credible and up to date information on materials and topics which are considered as (potentially) critical for a quick ramp up of electric vehicles sales.

The information is primarily to support participants. Some of the results of the work will be made publicly available, specifically the Infographics on the different materials and topics.

Specifically, CRM4EV aims to assess the impacts of EVs mass deployment on the needed CRMs, assess the current and future availability of those materials and generate and continuously update relevant information related to them. Supply and demand scenarios will be made, environmental impacts (using Life Cycle Analyses) will be determined, recycling processes and impacts and responsible sourcing will be topics within the scope of work.

This will be done by leveraging the collective knowledge and networks of the Task participants and collaboration partners forming a global network of stakeholders from governments, industry, policymakers, and researchers.

Smart, Clean Energy and Electric Vehicles for the City (SEEV4-City)

Smart, Clean Energy and Electric Vehicles for the City (SEEV4-City) is an innovative project funded by the EU Interreg North Sea Region Programme. Its main objective is to demonstrate smart electric mobility solutions, that integrate renewable-energy sources and encourage take-up in cities.

The project looks at different pilot solutions implemented in cities in Belgium, Netherlands, the United Kingdom and Norway and elaborates case studies and best practices based upon them.

The project started from the premises that charging electric vehicles in the evening creates a peak demand when renewable electricity production is lower. To face such issue, two approaches have been identified for testing and optimisation:

  • Information and Communication Technologies can help to structure and maximize the synergies between electric vehicles and local renewable energy sources, thereby optimizing the electricity grid.
  • A Smarter Electricity Grid for People, Planet & Profit. The electricity grid is used as energy buffer, on a daily and a seasonal scale. Large amounts of local energy and EVs cause grid-stress. SEEV4-City aims to provide sustainable solutions.

AVERE looks forward to the results of this project to see how electromobility can be further boosted in Europe with the support of renewable energy sources and the smart and efficient use of energy infrastructures.

Rare Earth Recycling for Europe (REE4EU)

Rare Earth Elements (REEs) are the seventeen chemical elements lanthanides, Scandium and Yttrium. REEs are considered “key-enablers” of green technologies, as they are used in hybrid electric vehicles, wind mills, and highly efficient electric motors.

Because of their geochemical properties, REEs are typically dispersed and not often found concentrated as Rare Earth (RE) minerals in economically exploitable deposits. A recent study, based on detailed trade data, estimates the global trade in RE-containing products in 2010 at around €1.5 trillion, or 13% of the global trade. However, only 1% of RE waste is being recovered as no adequate process is currently available.

The Rare Earth Recycling for Europe (REE4EU) project, that took place between 2015 and 2018, aimed to open-up a fully new route bringing recovery of in-process wastes from Permanent Magnet manufacturing within reach.

It did so by demonstrating, at a pilot scale, a closed-loop permanent magnet recycling process for the first time in Europe. The REE4EU pilot has successfully treated several tons of in-process wastes and end-of-life products containing rare earth elements, resulting in the recovery of almost hundred kilos of rare earth alloys directly from the mixed rare earth oxides feedstock produced. The alloy will be reused in the manufacturing of permanent magnet products.

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